Directory

(Directoire)
   The Directory (Directoire) was the government that functioned during the revolution of 1789 from 5 Brumaire Year IV (October 27, 1795) to 18 Brumaire Year VIII (November 9, 1799), when it was overthrown by Napoléon Bonaparte (see napoléon i). The Directory governed with the help of two chambers: the Council of Elders (Conseil des Anciens), and the Council of Five Hundred (Conseil des Cinq-Cents). The Directory, a regime instituted by the Constitution of the Year III, was a bourgeois republic. In foreign affairs, it practiced a policy of conquering territories and establishing sister republics, made war on the Holy Roman Empire (campaign in Italy) and on Britain (campaign in Egypt), and provoked the formation of the Second Coalition against France. In terms of domestic policy, the Directory regime, quite dissolute, was marked by attempted coup d'états and a terrible financial crisis. Leading members of the Directory government included paul barras, Abbé Emmanuel sieyès, and lazare carnot.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • directory — di‧rec‧to‧ry [daɪˈrektri, d ] noun directories PLURALFORM [countable] 1. a book or list of names, facts etc, usually arranged in alphabetical order: • I couldn t find your number in the telephone directory. • a new business directory • the …   Financial and business terms

  • directory — I noun catalogue, guidebook, handbook, index, manual, reference book, reference work II index roll Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • Directory — Di*rect o*ry, n.; pl. {Directories}. 1. A collection or body of directions, rules, or ordinances; esp., a book of directions for the conduct of worship; as, the Directory used by the nonconformists instead of the Prayer Book. [1913 Webster] 2. A… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • directory — [də rek′tə rē; ] also [ dīrek′tə rē] adj. [LL directorius] directing, guiding, or advising n. pl. directories [ML directorium < LL directorius] 1. a book of directions, as for church service 2. a book listing the names, addresses, etc. of a… …   English World dictionary

  • Directory — Di*rect o*ry, a. [L. directorius.] Containing directions; enjoining; instructing; directorial. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Directory — Directory, in der englischen Kirche die auf Veranlassung des Parlaments 1644 von einem Verein von Theologen abgefaßte Verordnung für den Gottesdienst. Die Verwerfung dieses D. durch Karl I. trug wesentlich zu dessen Sturz bei …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Directory — Directory, die von engl. Theologen 1644 auf Anordnung des Parlaments abgefaßte Vorschrift für den Gottesdienst …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Directory —   [engl.], in der Dateiverwaltung so viel wie Verzeichnis. Im Zusammenhang mit der Dateizuordnungstabelle von DOS bedeutet der Begriff Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Universal-Lexikon

  • directory — /di rektəri/, it. /di rɛktori/ s. ingl. (propr. elenco, guida ), usato in ital. al femm. (inform.) [ciascuna partizione della memoria di un elaboratore elettronico, nella quale l utente colloca più documenti e files ] ▶◀ cartella …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • directory — (n.) 1540s, guide, book of rules, from M.L. directorium, noun use of neut. of L. directorius, from directus (see DIRECT (Cf. direct) (v.)). Meaning alphabetical listing of inhabitants of a region is from 1732; listing of telephone numbers is from …   Etymology dictionary

  • directory — /diˈrɛktori, ingl. dɪˈrɛktərɪ/ [vc. ingl., propr. «libro, elenco di istruzioni»] s. f. inv. (elab., com.) cartella, folder (ingl.) …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

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